AST Coercion

The Rust parser is not very robust in the face of tt substitutions. Problems can arise when the parser is expecting a particular grammar construct and instead finds a lump of substituted tt tokens. Rather than attempt to parse them, it will often just give up. In these cases, it is necessary to employ an AST coercion.

macro_rules! as_expr { ($e:expr) => {$e} }
macro_rules! as_item { ($i:item) => {$i} }
macro_rules! as_pat  { ($p:pat)  => {$p} }
macro_rules! as_stmt { ($s:stmt) => {$s} }
macro_rules! as_ty   { ($t:ty)   => {$t} }

as_item!{struct Dummy;}

fn main() {
    as_stmt!(let as_pat!(_): as_ty!(_) = as_expr!(42));

These coercions are often used with push-down accumulation macros in order to get the parser to treat the final tt sequence as a particular kind of grammar construct.

Note that this specific set of macros is determined by what macros are allowed to expand to, not what they are able to capture.